Dental Prevention and Hygiene

It has been shown that preventive measures reduce the risk of developing periodontal diseases that lead to more extensive treatments. Concerning prevention and dental hygiene, the following three themes will be discussed:

  • Brushing teeth
  • The essential tools for a complete brushing
  • Bad breath and oral hygiene

Brushing teeth

Many external agents can enter the interior of the oral cavity and attack it. To counter them, here are some brushing techniques necessary to preserve good dental health:

  • Brush teeth at least twice a day for 2 minutes in each area of the mouth, ie, the outer surface of the cheek side, the inner surface of the palate and tongue side (top and bottom) and the surface of the cheeks. tooth brushing (except on the surface of the teeth).
  • Choose a soft bristle toothbrush to better reach the harder areas.
  • Change your toothbrush every 2 to 3 months .
  • Use electric or battery-powered toothbrushes for people with reduced dexterity or for children (hold the brush on a tooth for a few seconds and move to the next one for a rotating tilt-head brush) and change the head of the toothbrush brush every 3 months .
  • Use a toothpaste suitable for your condition according to the advice of your dentist (toothpaste against decay, which protects the gums, whitening or for sensitive teeth).

The essential tools for a complete brushing


To clean interdental spaces, dental floss is indicated. Ask your dental hygienist or dentist for help in making the most of this tool.

Flossing helps to remove the plaque and the rest of the food between the teeth . It prevents the formation of caries and gum disease. It is recommended to use a wire about 45 cm long for optimum cleaning.

The interdental brush

The dental floss may also be in the form of interdental brushes. These small brushes are recommended to clean the wider spaces between the teeth. Simply insert the brush into the gaps between the teeth with gentle pressure. Different sizes, ask your specialist which would be the best for you.

Do not forget that it is important to change your brush regularly


In addition to improving breath , the use of a mouthwash is an excellent complement to brushing teeth and flossing. It is recognized that mouthwashes limit the proliferation of pathogens in the buccal cavity by destroying them and hence preventing them from accumulating on the teeth.

Some may be used on an ad hoc or daily basis. In the case of an injury, for example, an antiseptic mouthwash may be used. However, it is not recommended to use it on a daily basis because of the risk of burns and dry mouth in the long term caused by repeated use. Use an alcohol-based mouthwash every day is also not recommended.

For good daily hygiene, use a mouthwash  is favorable. This will reduce the risk of developing gingivitis or the accumulation of plaque. Mouthwashing is done after washing your teeth and it is better to wait about thirty minutes before eating or rinsing your mouth.

Bad breath and oral hygiene

The causes of bad breath

  • The presence of bacteria on the teeth, on the mucous membranes or on the top of the tongue
  • The accumulation of dental plaque, gingivitis or periodontitis
  • Poorly maintained prostheses (food accumulations)
  • Poor oral hygiene (food residues stagnant between teeth)
  • Periodontal Diseases
  • Ingestion of certain foods (spices, garlic, onions)
  • A small amount of saliva
  • The presence of caries
  • Tobacco consumption
  • The presence of dental abscesses, canker sores, ulcerations, candidiasis or oral cancer
  • Hormonal variations during pregnancy that are responsible for gingivitis or acid reflux
  • Sinusitis or chronic tonsillitis
  • Breathing by mouth
  • Nasal obstruction with development of germs in secretions
  • Some pathologies such as diabetes and hypoglycemia
  • Gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal or pulmonary pathologies
  • The stress

What are the possible treatments for bad breath (halitosis)?

If the origin of the halitosis is oral, depending on the type of disorder, a dentist can make recommendations to the patient. For example, a person with dry mouth could be advised to consume sugar-free gum to produce more saliva. For patients with dental prostheses, these will be examined and, if necessary, adapted. Advice can also be given for better maintenance.

In general, good oral hygiene is recommended to stop bad breath

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