The world is a large place and there might be one disease that is prevalent in one country but not in another. So, looking globally, what are the leading causes of death around the world?
The World Health Organisation states from the 56.9 million deaths across the globe in 2016, more than 50 per cent were a result of the same 10 causes.
The top 10 leading causes of global death
According to Our World in Data, the top 10 causes of death include:
- Cardiovascular diseases: The number one cause of death in the world is cardiovascular diseases including heart disease and stroke. This disease killed around 17.65 million people in 2016.
- Cancers: Cancers of all kinds were number two on this list. Cancer killed more than 8.93 million people.
- Respiratory disease: Around 8.93 million people died of this disease in 2016. There are many types of respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, lung cancer, pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- Diabetes, endocrine and blood diseases: Altogether, these illnesses killed 3.19 million people in 2016. Diabetes especially occurs in middle and upper income countries.
- Dementia: Dementia is a disease that killed 2.38 million people. According to the experts at House Call Doctor, this disease has become more prevalent in the 21st century as people are living longer. In total, there are more than 100 different diseases that may cause dementia.
- Lower respiratory infections: Around 23.8 million people died in 2016 from lower respiratory infections. Symptoms can include coughing, sneezing and nasal congestion.
- Neonatal deaths: Still ranked high on this list, infants born before 28 days are susceptible to many illnesses and often struggle to survive. In 2016, over 1.73 million died from neonatal deaths.
- Diarrheal disease: This diseased killed 1.66 million people and is considered treatable. The main causes for diarrheal disease include malnutrition, infections and unsafe drinking water.
- Road incident: 34 million people died on our roads in 2016. These are often the result of the “fatal five” – driving under the influence of drugs and alcohol, not wearing a seatbelt, fatigue, speeding and distraction.
- Liver disease: Liver disease killed 1.26 million people in 2016. The main cause of this disease is alcohol abuse and cirrhosis.