The oral hygiene , basic gesture of good personal hygiene , through daily cleaning of teeth with a toothbrush and a toothpaste , and may possibly be terminated with a mouthwash .
The risks of poor oral hygiene
Poor oral hygiene can result in:
- the appearance of dental caries;
- gum disease, called periodontal disease;
- oral cancer, favored by tobacco and alcohol;
- the halitosis is to say bad breath.
Tips for good oral hygiene
To reduce the risks associated with poor oral hygiene, it is therefore advisable to:
- to have a balanced diet, with a daily intake of fruits and vegetables, and to limit the intake of sugars;
- to stop smoking;
- limiting the consumption of alcohol;
- to clean their teeth at least twice a day;
- to regularly consult a dentist.
Brushing the teeth: the daily gesture of oral hygiene
For good oral hygiene, it is recommended to brush your teeth at least twice a day, for 3 minutes , in the morning after breakfast and in the evening before bedtime. Ideally, brushing teeth should be done after each meal to prevent the formation of plaque and cavities.
To brush your teeth well and not to forget, it is recommended to follow the same ritual with each brushing . You can always start with the teeth in the upper right and finish in the bottom right. For effective brushing with a standard manual toothbrush it is necessary to:
- brush bottom teeth and top teeth separately;
- place the toothbrush 45 degrees from the teeth, the bristles facing the gum;
- brushing the gum to the teeth;
- make slow rotations always vertically;
- brush the inner face and outer face of each tooth;
- terminate with the top of the teeth, with a horizontal reciprocating motion.
A small amount of toothpaste , which covers the bristles of the toothbrush, is sufficient for effective brushing. The toothbrush must be changed from the moment the bristles curl. It is therefore generally advisable to change the toothbrush every three months , but everything depends on its use.
Oral hygiene: dental floss and dental plaque developers
The toothbrush does not always allow the removal of residues and dental plaque in the interdental spaces. Eventually, this can cause inflammation of the gums:
- To complete the brushing, a dental floss, or brushes can be used when the interdental space is sufficient.
- To check the quality of the brushing, there are dental plaque developers. The product, sold in liquid form or in pellets, colors dental plaque residues and makes it possible to rectify the brushing. The dental plaque developer can be bought in a pharmacy.